The Taif Agreement (also the National Reconciliation Accord or Document of National Accord) was an agreement reached to provide “the basis for the ending of the civil war and the return to political normalcy in Lebanon”. Negotiated in Ta’if, Saudi Arabia, it was designed to end the decades-long Lebanese Civil War, reassert Lebanese authority in Southern Lebanon (then occupied by Israel), though the agreement set a time frame for Syrian withdrawal and stipulated that the Syrians withdraw in two years. It was signed on 22 October 1989 and ratified by the Lebanese parliament on 5 November 1989.

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