MİT (Turkish National Intelligence Agency) picks up unusual activity (troop movements and shifts, intense signal movements) inside military barracks and garrisons in Istanbul and Ankara in the afternoon and warns the General Staff.
Deputy Chief of Turkish Intelligence visits the General Staff Command in Ankara to notify the Generals of these movements and has a detailed briefing with General Güler.
Hakan Fidan meets Hulusi Akar, the Chief of General Staff (CGS), Salih Zeki Çolak, the Commander of Land Forces, and General Güler to assess this intelligence. The General Staff issues an order for; shutting down of Turkish air space to all military flights; immediate halt of all tank movements; immediate ban on any troop movements; and taking off of any fighter jets.
Realizing that their plan was now about to be fully exposed, the coup plotters abruptly start the execution of their coup plan, much earlier than their planned coup time at 3 a.m. They first try to arrest the most senior generals in the General Staff and try to take over the Command. Despite reported resistance, rebel officers are able to detain all three generals and lock them up in the bunker within the Command. There they attempt to force the CGS to sign the coup memorandum and bless the coup attempt, but General Akar vehemently refuses. The putschists strangled Akar with a belt and pointed a gun at his head. The bruise on Akar’s throat is seen in the photo. Around the same time, the Commander of the Navy Admiral, Veysel Kösele, is also taken hostage in a Navy Ship away from the shore.
The coup plotters then set their eyes on AKOM (the Disaster Coordination Center) which would allow them to easily control Istanbul via CCTVs.
The coup attempters close down both Bosphorus bridges and begin regulating the traffic coming in and out of Istanbul (they stop the former and allow the latter).
Cadets at the Kuleli Military High School Taken out of School Campus and Ordered to Attack Çengelköy Police Station. The footage shows the rogue soldiers attacking a patisserie in Çengelköy, and in the footage it is heard the commander shouting at soliders, “Çengelköy is under control, do not show mercy to resisting civilians. ” 20 civilians died in Çengelköy resisting the rogue soldiers that night.
Military helicopters target MİT Headquarters in Ankara. Clashes break out between MİT personnel and coup plotters who try to raid the headquarters.
Istanbul Atatürk Airport is closed to traffic by rebel officers.
Fighter jets attack the Police Special Operations Headquarters in Ankara in an attempt to neutralize them.
MİT spokesman Nuh Yılmaz announces on TV that his agency is about to counter the coup attempt.
TRT’s broadcast is cut off; it later starts broadcasting from its London office.
The coup memorandum is put on the official General Staff website.
Tanks stationed at Atatürk airport start to withdraw and citizens take over the airport.
People are called to the streets via call to prayers from mosques across Istanbul and Ankara.
Erdoğan’s personal jet leaves Dalaman Airport for Istanbul Atatürk Airport. 15 minutes later, the special forces group of about rebel soldiers who reported to have assassination training attack the hotel where Erdogan used to stay. 2 police officers are killed.
The Commander of the Special Forces, Zekai Aksakallı, calls the coup plotters “thugs”, condemning the attempt as the work of “Gulenist treason networks”. He assures the public that they will soon control the situation.
The Turkish Grand National Assembly is bombed for the first time in its history
The Commander of the 7th Army Corps stationed in Diyarbakır also goes on TV, announcing the coup to be in violation of military hierarchy and assuring viewers that his soldiers are ready and loyal. Similar declarations of loyalty to the government and condemnations of the coup attempt follow for the next 3.5 hours from the commanders of the 8th Army Corps in Elazığ, the 9th in Erzurum, the Training and Doctrine Command in Ankara and the Land Forces Training Corps.
US President Barack Obama reiterated Washington’s unwavering support for the elected Turkish government. ” The President spoke tonight by phone with Secretary of State John Kerry to discuss the events in Turkey. The President and Secretary agreed that all parties in Turkey should support the democratically-elected Government of Turkey, show restraint, and avoid any violence or bloodshed,” said the White House readout.
Two more explosions hit the Turkish Grand National Assembly building.
Helicopters attack the Presidential complex and shoot down at the people and buildings with machine guns
All tanks guarding the bridges withdraw and their officers surrender.
Erdogan addresses the people at the Ataturk Airport. He calls the coup attempt a terrorist attack and announces that the Gulenists finally fully revealed their bloody terrorist and criminal side. He assures the public that the elected officials are taking control and will restore order.
Acting Chief of General Staff Ümit Dündar holds a press conference, announcing that the coup attempt had been repelled and that “Turkey has fully closed down its chapter of juntas and coups d’état”. He also confirmed rumors that the Commander of the Navy had been taken hostage in a Navy ship and that ship had now returned to Gölcük Naval Shipyard.
One of the helicopters taking part in the coup attempt lands in Alexandroupoli, Greece, and several of the top commanders of the coup attempt seeks asylum there.
The Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK) suspends 2,745 personnel for being involved or associated with the coup planners and attempters.
US Secretary of State John Kerry said Saturday in Luxembourg that the United States will help Turkey investigate a failed coup and invited Ankara to share any evidence it has against US-based figure Fethullah Gülen, who is the leader of the Gülenist movement, a group that is designated a terrorist organization by Turkey.
The leaders of the all four political parties, AKP, MHP, CHP and HDP, show a united front in condemning the coup and celebrating the victory of the people in defending their democracy. They sign a joint declaration in the parliament. Thousands chant outside the parliament.
More than 50 senior army officers linked to Friday’s failed military coup attempt are arrested in the western province of Denizli
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan says that formal requests to extradite Gülenist fugitives, who were involved in the failed coup attempt and are on the run, will be made to the U.S. and EU.
Turkish Armed Forces releases a statement on Sunday, stating that the coup attempt officially ended as of 4:30 p.m. “During the evening hours of July 15, 2016, the terrorist traitors of the illegal junta whom were nested inside the structure of the TAF were effectively neutralized without reaching their goals after the heroic and swift actions of first the Turkish nation, then the TAF and the police.”
Colonel Ali Yazıcı, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s aide-de-camp, taken into custody for complicity in coup attempt on Sunday.
Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım talks to media during the cabinet meeting. He says that 208 people, including 60 police officers, three soldiers, and 145 civilians, had been killed by the coup plotters, while 1,491 people remained wounded. 7,543 people were still detained from the coup attempt, including 100 police officers, 6,038 soldiers of different ranks, 755 judges and prosecutors, and 650 civilians.
Extraordinary National Security Council and Council of Ministers meetings chaired by President Erdoğan convene in Ankara. Important decisions are expected.
After the National Security Meeting and the Cabinet Meeting, the President announces a 3-month long State of Emergency. He assures the public that this situation will not limit or damage democratic rights of the citizens, and explains that the State of Emergency is brought to ensure the coup planners and attempters are fully purged from government institutions.